Hygiene is one of the main ways to preserve our health. Within the daily hygiene must not forget our mouth care during all stages of life, as the lack of it could lead to many diseases.
About six months, when the first teeth appear, you should start to care. After taking the bottle or food intake, it is advisable to use a wet gauze to clean your baby’s mouth, paying special attention also to the gums. It is recommended to visit a dentist to check for proper tooth development.
It is the responsibility of parents, along with the professional guidance of the dentist, to create a good oral hygiene habits in children. It is important to select a suitable toothbrush with soft bristles for effective cleaning of teeth and gums. Likewise, the selection of the paste or gel dentifrice must be accompanied by professional advice. In most cases, Fluorine (tooth enamel strengthener), which must be managed responsibly by age of the child is recommended. Using mouthwash can be used when the child acquires skills to spit and not swallow the liquid.
In adolescence, as is changing the size of the oral cavity, it is convenient to change the toothbrush and toothpaste for children’s products for adults. In adulthood should remain lifelong oral hygiene habits acquired along with regular reviews of the dentist.
The oral cavity has a highly diverse ecosystem, with up to 600 different microbial species that colonize different habitats. The biofilm oral (dental plaque) is a complex, organized communities of microorganisms that can cooperate with each other and lead to the creation of conditions conducive to the survival of the toughest bacterial species. These pathogenic bacteria found in the biofilm oral are responsible for the etiology of the two major oral diseases: decay and periodontitis. Furthermore, the neglect of oral hygiene can end up causing ultimately, loss of teeth.
The goal of good oral hygiene is to remove the biofilm oral and its harmful effects on teeth and gums. The main guidelines to follow are:
Developers to use plaque. These make the biofilm oral more visible and therefore easier brushing.
Clean your teeth daily. Brushing teeth is done to remove debris left in the mouth after meals, but mostly to get rid of bacterial plaque. At least three times a day should be performed and may require three to four minutes.
You must use a proper brushing technique. There are several techniques for brushing, but no there is no brushing technique that is suitable for all people, since it is determined by morphology of the dentition, dexterity of the patient, etc. The recommended brushing technique is one that allows the removal of biofilm oral in a comfortable way, in a timely manner without causing any tissue damage.
The technique is to highlight the Bass technique because it eliminates the bacteria found at the gingival margin, causing gum disease. This technique involves tilting the brush 45 degrees between tooth and gum, such that the filaments are in contact with the gum-tooth margin and covering two or three teeth. It should be very small vibration or circular motion to the handle without pressure and without the filaments reach their position shift in the gum. In anterior teeth, the lingual surface should be done with the brush vertically placed.
When choosing our brush is better than the head size is not too large and that the filaments are means or soft, to better suit the dental anatomy and not abrasive. The brush should be replaced approximately every 2-4 months, this will depend on wear. A worn toothbrush does not perform adequate removal of biofilm oral also can hurt the gums. If you use an electric toothbrush must remember that you have movement and, therefore, we have to change the surface very slowly and we can even mimic a conventional technique of brushing, if head permits.
To clean between the teeth (interdental spaces), use silk or dental belts or, if the spaces are wide, interproximal brushes of different sizes. It is very important to clean these areas at least once a day, as they represent 40% of tooth surfaces. Therefore, if we do not use dental floss or interdental brushes, we are leaving without cleaning almost half of the mouth.
Perform tongue cleaner. There are special cleaners or tongue scrapers to facilitate this work. You should clean your tongue with a movement from back to front to drag food debris, sloughed cells, mucus, bacteria, etc.
Use oral irrigators. The direct application of a jet of water or mouthwash helps eliminating the bacteria deposited on the teeth, gums and hard to reach places.
Perform rinses (daily or specific use as needed), help to achieve complete oral hygiene, effectively reduce biofilm oral and provide maximum freshness.
Controlling the intake of sugary foods. Ideally, avoid eating them but if consumed, it is important to brush your teeth after.
Regular visits to the dentist. It is advisable to visit the dentist to perform a check of the mouth at least 1-2 times a year, and a professional cleaning.